What is the difference between NFS and VMFS datastores?

Like we stated above, VMFS is a block level file system, while NFS is a file level file system. When creating a VMFS Datastore, the VMFS file system is created by the vSphere, while the NFS file system is on Storage side and is only mounted has a shared folder on the vSphere.

What is NFS datastore?

NFS (Network File System) is a file-sharing protocol used by ESXi hosts to communicate with a NAS (Network Attached Storage) device over a standard TCP/IP network. … NFS datastores are used in much the same way as VMFS datastores. They can hold virtual machine files, templates, ISO images, and other date.

What are datastores in VMware?

A datastore in the virtual environment used as a storage for your virtual inventory. Datastore stores Virtual machine files, log files, virtual disks & ISO images. Datastore can contain different types of storages such as Local Storage of ESXi, iSCSI, NAS, SAN.

What are the types of datastores?


  • Paper files.
  • Simple files like a spreadsheet.
  • File systems.
  • Email storage systems (both server and client systems)
  • Databases. Relational databases, based on the relational model of data. …
  • Distributed data stores.
  • Directory services.
  • VMware uses the term datastore to refer to a file that stores a virtual machine.
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What is VMFS file system?

The VMware® vStorage Virtual Machine File System (VMFS) is a high-performance cluster file system (CFS) that enables virtualization to scale beyond the boundaries of a single system.


NFS is a file level file system, and VMFS is a block level file system. NFS, VMFS (here is included LUNs/Disks), vSAN and recently VVols (Virtual Volumes) are the type of Datastores that we can use in VMware. A brief history of NFS and VMFS file systems.

What does Vmdk stand for?

VMDK (short for Virtual Machine Disk) is a file format that describes containers for virtual hard disk drives to be used in virtual machines like VMware Workstation or VirtualBox.

What is Vmdk in VMware?

vmdk file’s content is the virtual machine’s data, with a small portion allotted to virtual machine overhead. If the virtual machine is connected directly to a physical disk, rather than to a virtual disk, the . vmdk file stores information about the partitions the virtual machine is allowed to access.

How do datastores work?

Datastores hide the specifics of each storage device and provide a uniform model for storing virtual machine files. … They can be formatted with VMFS (Virtual Machine File System, a clustered file system from VMware), or with a file system native to the storage provider (in the case of a NAS/NFS device).

Where is the Datastore in VMware?

To see a VMDK file, click Summary > Resources > Datastore, right-click Browse Datastore, and select a virtual machine. On Workstation, VMDK files are stored in the same directory with virtual machine configuration (VMX) files. On Linux this directory could be anywhere, and is usually documented as /path/to/disk.

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What is the storage in ESX called?

Storage types at the ESXi logical level

x has the following four main types of datastore: VMware FileSystem (VMFS) datastores: All block-based storage must be first formatted with VMFS to transform a block service to a file and folder oriented services. Network FileSystem (NFS) datastores: This is for NAS storage.

Is Vsan a VMFS?

VSAN 5.5 was based on a modified version of VMware Virtual Machine File System (VMFS); VSAN 6.0 gets its own file system, cleverly called VSAN file system. This new file system supports “instant clones” and more efficient snapshots. … As VSAN is a feature of vSphere, it now supports 64 hosts per VSAN cluster.

Which version of ESX does not require a service console?

x or later. VMware ESXi, a smaller-footprint version of ESX, does not include the ESX Service Console. It is available – without the need to purchase a vCenter license – as a free download from VMware, with some features disabled. ESXi stands for “ESX integrated”.

What file system does ESXi use?

VMware VMFS (Virtual Machine File System) is VMware, Inc.’s clustered file system used by the company’s flagship server virtualization suite, vSphere.

What are 3 virtualization services provided by VMFS?

And it offers the foundation for virtualization spanning multiple servers, enabling services such as virtual machine snapshots, VMware vSphere Thin Provisioning, VMware vSphere vMotion®, VMware vSphere Distributed Resource Scheduler™ (vSphere DRS), VMware vSphere High Availability (vSphere HA), VMware vSphere Storage …

What is the latest version of VMFS?

vSphere 6.5 and vSphere 6.7 both support the latest VMFS-6. Once all of your ESXi hosts that are connected to the VMFS-5 datastore have been upgraded to vSphere 6.5 or vSphere 6.7 you can then proceed to migrate your datastore to VMFS-6.

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