There are three ways to configure an NFS server under Red Hat Enterprise Linux: using the NFS Server Configuration Tool (system-config-nfs), manually editing its configuration file (/etc/exports), or using the /usr/sbin/exportfs command.
Which is the configuration file for NFS service on server side?
*Note that you can find the NFS daemon configuration files at /etc/nfs. conf . You can also find the config file for the mount at /etc/nfsmount. conf .
What is NFS configuration file in Linux?
Network File Sharing (NFS) is a protocol that allows you to share directories and files with other Linux clients over a network. … An NFS file share is mounted on a client machine, making it available just like folders the user created locally.
How do I find my NFS server IP address?
NFS server virtual IP address
- Gather the network adapters of the nodes, for example using ifconfig and select the ones which should be used by NFS clients to access data through the NFS server.
- Get a free IP address and the corresponding netmask from your network administrator.
What is NFS export?
NFS is the most common protocol for sharing files between Unix systems over a network. NFS servers export directories from their local hard disks to NFS clients, which mount them so that they can be accessed like any other directory.
Which is better SMB or NFS?
Conclusion. As you can see NFS offers a better performance and is unbeatable if the files are medium sized or small. If the files are large enough the timings of both methods get closer to each other. Linux and Mac OS owners should use NFS instead of SMB.
Why do we need NFS?
A significant advantage of NFS is that it allows for central management, decreasing the need for added software and disk space on individual user systems. NFS is user-friendly, allowing users to access files on remote hosts in the same way they access local files.
Where is the NFS config file?
Configuring a system to share files and directories using NFS is straightforward. Every filesystem being exported to remote users via NFS, as well as the access rights relating to those filesystems, is located in the /etc/exports file.
How do I find my NFS settings?
Important commands for NFS
- showmount -e : Shows the available shares on your local machine.
- showmount -e <server-ip or hostname>: Lists the available shares at the remote server.
- showmount -d : Lists all the sub directories.
- exportfs -v : Displays a list of shares files and options on a server.
How does NFS work?
A Network File System (NFS) allows remote hosts to mount file systems over a network and interact with those file systems as though they are mounted locally. This enables system administrators to consolidate resources onto centralized servers on the network.
How do I know if NFS server is exporting?
Run the showmount command with the server name to check which NFS exports are available. In this example, localhost is the server name. The output shows the available exports and the IP which they are available from.
What is NFS port number?
Port 111 (TCP and UDP) and 2049 (TCP and UDP) for the NFS server. There are also ports for Cluster and client status (Port 1110 TCP for the former, and 1110 UDP for the latter) as well as a port for the NFS lock manager (Port 4045 TCP and UDP).
How do I set up NFS?
Install the NFS Client on the Client Systems
- Step 1: Install the NFS-Common Package. As is the norm, begin by updating the system packages and repositories before anything else. …
- Step 2: Create an NFS Mount Point on Client. …
- Step 3: Mount NFS Share on Client System. …
- Step 4: Testing the NFS Share on Client System.
How do I view NFS exports?
Viewing the Exported NFS and CIFS Shares
- To view the list of exported NFS and CIFS shares on the 3DFS server, on the command line, enter the following command: # showmount -e.
- To view the list of exported NFS and CIFS shares on the NFS-Ganesha server, on the command line, enter the following command:
How would you use NFS to share a directory?
Sharing files through NFS is simple and involves two basic steps: On the Linux system that runs the NFS server, you export (share) one or more directories by listing them in the /etc/exports file and by running the exportfs command. In addition, you must start the NFS server.
How do I access NFS share?
- Open Start > Control Panel > Programs.
- Select Turn Windows features on or off.
- Select Services for NFS.
- Click OK.
- Mount the cluster and map it to a drive using the Map Network Drive tool or from the command line. mount -o nolock usa-node01:/mapr z: For more information, see step 2.